Warming Skeptic List
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|Global Warming Skeptics list||
go to arctic methane research page
Kim Fulton-Bennett (c) 2007 MBARI
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|IEA CO2 emissions report. US National Snow and Ice Data Centre Stern Reiview|
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|* To be on list -- had to at some point deny global warming existed or facilitated misinformation campaigns about global warming. Otherwise known as climate change skeptics. MORE at NFU Environment page Global Warming Deniers List|
|Global Warming top|
|ExxonSecrets: Climate Change Skeptics List continued: Accuracy in Academia, Accuracy in Media, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, Africa Fighting Malaria Air Quality Standards Coalition, Alexis de Tocqueville Institution, Alliance for Climate Strategies, American Coal Foundation American Conservative Union Foundation, American Council for Capital Formation Center for Policy Research American Council on Science and Health, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, American Enterprise Institute-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, American Friends of the Institute for Economic Affairs, American Legislative Exchange Council, American Petroleum Institute, American Policy Center, American Recreation Coalition, American Spectator Foundation Americans for Tax Reform, Arizona State University Office of Cimatology, Aspen Institute, Association of Concerned Taxpayers Atlantic Legal Foundation, Atlas Economic Research Foundation, Blue Ribbon Coalition, Capital Legal Foundation Capital Research Center and Greenwatch, Cato Institute, Center for American and International Law, Center for Environmental Education Research, Center for Security Policy, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise Center for the New West, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, Centre for the New Europe Chemical Education Foundation, Citizens for A Sound Economy and CSE Educational Foundation, Citizens for the Environment and CFE Action Fund, Clean Water Industry Coalition, Climate Research Journal, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow, Communications Institute, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Congress of Racial Equality, Consumer Alert, Cooler Heads Coalition, Council for Solid Waste Solutions, DCI Group, Defenders of Property Rights, Earthwatch Institute, ECO or Environmental Conservation Organization European Enterprise Institute, ExxonMobil Corporation, Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies, Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment, Fraser Institute, Free Enterprise Action Institute, Free Enterprise Education Institute, Frontiers of Freedom Institute and Foundation, George C. Marshall Institute, George Mason University, Law and Economics Center, Global Climate Coalition, Great Plains Legal Foundation, Greening Earth Society, Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, Heartland Institute, Heritage Foundation, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, Hudson Institute, Illinois Policy Institute Independent Commission on Environmental Education, Independent Institute, Institute for Biospheric Research, Institute for Energy Research, Institute for Regulatory Science, Institute for Senior Studies, Institute for the Study of Earth and Man, Institute of Humane, tudies, George Mason University, Interfaith Stewardship Alliance, International Council for Capital Formation, International Policy Network - North America, International Republican Institute, James Madison Institute, Junkscience.com, Landmark Legal Foundation Lexington Institute, Lindenwood University, Mackinac Center, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Media Institute, Media Research Center, Mercatus Center, George Mason University, Mountain States Legal Foundation, National Association of Neighborhoods, National Black Chamber of Commerce, National Center for Policy Analysis, National Center for Public Policy Research National Council for Environmental Balance, National Environmental Policy Institute, National Legal Center for the Public Interest National Mining Association, National Policy Forum, National Wetlands Coalition, National Wilderness Institute, New England Legal Foundation, Pacific Legal Foundation, Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, Peabody Energy, Property and Environment Research Center, formerly Political Economy Research Center, Public Interest Watch, Reason Foundation, Reason Public Policy Institute, Science and Environmental Policy Project, Seniors Coalition, Shook, Hardy and Bacon LLP, Small Business Survival Committee, Southeastern Legal Foundation, Stanford University GCEP, Statistical Assessment Service (STATS), Tech Central Science Foundation or Tech Central Station, Texas Public Policy Foundation, The Advancement of Sound Science Center, Inc., The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition, The Annapolis Center for Science-Based Public Policy, The Justice Foundation (formerly Texas Justice Foundation), The Locke Institute, United for Jobs, University of Oklahoma Foundation, Inc., US Russia Business Council Virginia Institute for Public Policy, Washington Legal Foundation, Weidenbaum Center on the Economy, Government, and Public, Policy. Western Fuels, World Affairs Councils of America, World Climate Report|
|Global Climate Coalition Union
of Concerned Scientists
Founded in 1989 by 46 corporations and trade associations representing all major elements of US industry, the GCC presents itself as a "voice for business in the global warming debate." The group funded several flawed studies on the economics of the cost of mitigating climate change, which formed the basis of their 1997/1998 multi-million dollar advertising campaign against the Kyoto Protocol. The GCC began to unravel in 1997 when British Petroleum withdrew its membership. Since then many other corporations have followed BP s lead and left the coalition. This exodus reached a fevered pitch in the early months of 2000 when DaimlerChrysler, Texaco and General Motors all announced their exodus from the GCC. Since these desertions, the GCC restructured and remains a powerful and well-funded force focused on obstructing meaningful efforts to mitigate climate change.
Spin: Global Warming is real, but it is too expensive to do anything about. The Kyoto Protocol is fundamentally flawed.
Funding: Corporate members (industries, trade associations etc.)
George Marshall Institute
This conservative think tank shifted its focus from Star Wars to climate change in the late 1980s. In 1989, the Marshall Institute released a report claiming that "cyclical variations in the intensity of the sun would offset any climate change associated with elevated greenhouse gases." Though refuted by the IPCC, the report was very influential in influencing the Bush Sr. Administration s climate change policy. The Marshall Institute has since published numerous reports downplaying the severity of global climate change.
Spin: Blame the Sun. The Kyoto Protocol is fatally flawed.
Affiliated Individuals: Sallie Baliunas, an astrophysicist from Harvard; and Frederick Seitz.
Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
The Marshall Institute co-sponsored with the OISM a deceptive campaign -- known as the Petition Project -- to undermine and discredit the scientific authority of the IPCC and to oppose the Kyoto Protocol. Early in the spring of 1998, thousands of scientists around the country received a mass mailing urging them to sign a petition calling on the government to reject the Kyoto Protocol. The petition was accompanied by other pieces including an article formatted to mimic the journal of the National Academy of Sciences. Subsequent research revealed that the article had not been peer-reviewed, nor published, nor even accepted for publication in that journal and the Academy released a strong statement disclaiming any connection to this effort and reaffirming the reality of climate change. The Petition resurfaced in 2001.
Spin: There is no scientific basis for claims about global warming. IPCC is a hoax. Kyoto is flawed.
Funding: Petition was funded by private sources.
Affiliated Individuals: Arthur B. Robinson, Sallie L. Baliunas, Frederick Seitz
Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
Founded in 1990 by widely publicized climate skeptic S. Fred Singer, SEPP s stated purpose is to "document the relationship between scientific data and the development of federal environmental policy." SEPP has mounted a sizeable media campaign -- publishing articles, letters to the editor, and a large number of press releases -- to discredit the issues of global warming, ozone depletion, and acid rain.
Spin: Moreover, climate change won t be bad for us anyway. Action on climate change is not warranted because of shaky science and flawed policy approaches.
Funding: Conservative foundations including Bradley, Smith Richardson, and Forbes. SEPP has also been directly tied to ultra right-wing mogul Reverend Sung Myung Moon s Unification Church, including receipt of a year s free office space from a Moon-funded group and the participation of SEPP s director in church-sponsored conferences and on the board of a Moon-funded magazine.
Affiliated Individuals:S. Fred Singer,Frederick Seitz
Greening Earth Society
The Greening Earth Society (GES) was founded on Earth Day 1998 by the Western Fuels Association to promote the view that increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 are good for humanity. GES and Western Fuels are essentially the same organization. Both used to be located at the same office suite in Arlington, VA. Until December 2000, Fred Palmer chaired both institutions. The GES is now chaired by Bob Norrgard, another long-term Western Fuels associate. The Western Fuels Assocation (WFA) is a cooperative of coal-dependent utilities in the western states that works in part to discredit climate change science and to prevent regulations that might damage coal-related industries.
Spin: CO2 emissions are good for the planet; coal is the best energy source we have.
Affiliated Individuals: Patrick Michaels, Robert Balling, David Wojick, Sallie Baliunas, Sylvan Wittwer, John Daley, Sherwood Idso
Funding: The Greening Earth Society receives its funding from the Western Fuels Association, which in turn receives its funding from its coal and utility company members.
Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide & Global Change
The Center claims to "disseminate factual reports and sound commentary on new developments in the world-wide scientific quest to determine the climactic and biological consequences of the ongoing rise in the air's CO2 content." The Center is led by two brothers, Craig and Keith Idso. Their father, Sherwood Idso, is affiliated with the Greening Earth Society; the Center also shares a board member (Sylvan Wittwer) with GES. Both Idso brothers have been on the Western Fuels payroll at one time or another.
Spin: Increased levels of CO2 will help plants, and that's good.
Funding: The Center is extremely secretive of its funding sources, stating that it is their policy not to divulge it funders. There is evidence for a strong connection to the Greening Earth Society (ergo Western Fuels Association).
Affiliated Individuals: Craig Idso, Keith Idso, Sylvan Wittwer
butterfly links UCS Global Warming Program ExxonMobil Report: Smoke Mirrors & Hot AirThe Union of Concerned Scientists report, Smoke, Mirrors & Hot Air: How ExxonMobil Uses Big Tobacco's Tactics to "Manufacture Uncertainty" on Climate Change, details how ExxonMobil has adopted the tobacco industry's disinformation tactics, as well as some of the same organizations and personnel, to cloud the scientific understanding of climate change and delay action on the issue. According to the report, ExxonMobil has funneled nearly $16 million between 1998 and 2005 to a network of 43 advocacy organizations that seek to confuse the public on global warming science. See the report for a list of these organizations.
|The Religious Wing of the U.S. Military Congressional Industrial Complex|
Alpha & Omega Ministries [EMNR member]
•American Family Foundation & old CAN/Cult Awareness Network
•Apologia/AR-talk/Apologetics Index [EMNR member]
•Association of Theological Schools/ATS—Rockefeller affiliated/The Fund
•Canadian Institute of Theology, Law and Public Policy
•Campus Crusade for Christ [Bill Bright, CNP]
•Campus Crusade for Christ Leadership U
•Campus Crusade for Christ, Int’l School of Theology/ISOT [Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools member]
•Council for Christian Colleges & Universities/CCCU––CUGN/Christian University GlobalNet –– Hanegraaff’s Equip University is affiliated to CUGN
•Council for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood
•CAPO/Center for the Advancement of Paleo Orthodoxy
•Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity/CBHD
•Christian Action Council/CAC [O.J. Harold Brown & C. Everett Koop]
•Christianity Today International Institute
•Coalition on Revival/COR
•Council for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood
•Discovery Institute, Center for Renewal of Science & Culture Fellows
[Hudson Institute/ RAND Corporation/Council on Foreign Relations/CFR/John Templeton Foundation affiliations]
•English Standard Version/ESV Translation Committee
•European Centre for Law and Justice/ECLJ––affiliate of ACLJ [Pat Robertson/CNP, John Warwick Montgomery]
•Evangelical Theological Society/ETS
•Evangelicals & Catholics Together II
•Family Research Council
•Focus on the Family
•Fuller Theological Seminary [Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools member]
•Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary—Walter Martin on advisory board with Billy Graham and Harold Ockenga
[Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools member]
ICA/Institute for Christian Apologetics
•International Academy of Apologetics, Evangelism & Human Rights, Strasbourg, France—
interfaces with the United Nations––U.N. human rights experts teach in the seminars
•International Fellowship of Evangelical Students [John Stott & Lindsay Brown]
•International Institute of Christian Studies/IICS—associate member of the World Evangelical Fellowship/WEF
•International Students, Inc. [Tom Phillips––Billy Graham Evangelistic Assn.]
•Jesus Film––a project of Campus Crusade as promo for Lausanne
•John Ankerberg Theological Institute [member of the secret CNP]
•National Association of Evangelicals/NAE [organ of WEF/World Evangelical Fellowship—NGO of the United Nations]
•Nevada Policy Research Institute––Heritage Foundation state affiliate http://www.npri.org/
•Personal Freedom Outreach/PFO [EMNR member]
•Probe Ministries––affiliated with Campus Crusade
•Reformed Theological Seminary [member of Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools member]
•Rockford Conference on Discernment and Evangelism, 1989
•Rockford Institute>>Howard Center>>World Congress of Families—NGO of the United Nations [influenced by Hudson Institute, Brigham Young University/BYU and Focus on the Family; an alliance with other world religions––Mormons, Buddhists, Muslims et al]
•Society of Christian Philosophers
•Southern Evangelical Seminary [Norman Geisler]
•Spiritual Counterfeits Project
•Summit Ministries Conference and Curriculum [David Noebel, CNP]
•Summit's Worldview Weekends [Brandon Howse]
•Trinity Evangelical Divinity Schools/TEDS [Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools member
•Trinity Int'l University Graduate School
•Trinity Law School [one of 3 Trinity Int'l University/TIU campuses; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School/TEDS is a member of the Rockefeller-affiliated Assn. of Theological Schools/ATS]
•World Journalism Institute/WJI [with CATO Institute, Sun Myung Moon’s Washington Times et al]
•World Vision—NGO of the United Nations
•Worldwide Church of God [Joseph Tkach]
CRI personnel acted as apologists on behalf of the WCG––Hanegraaff, Paul Carden, Passantinos, Alan Gomes
•Zondervan Publishers [publishers of the New International Version/NIV]
ammonium perfluorooctanoate, C-8, Teflon, cancer, DuPont, Wood County ????
California Offshore oil leases blocked